Freedom Factbook

You can download a PDF copy of the "Freedom Factbook" here

Freedom works. Lower taxes and limited intervention in the economy don’t just create the space for innovation, growth and prosperity. They also tend to enhance civil liberties and radically improve lives, particularly for people on lower incomes.

Free enterprise has led to richer societies, reducing poverty, and enabling ever more of us to afford to live better and more equal lives in areas as diverse as literacy, child mortality and girls’ schooling - most spectacularly in Hong Kong, Singapore and (more
recently) China.

Economic liberty creates the conditions for faster growth, generating prosperity that, as well as being a noble end in itself, enables us to improve the environment and repair damage.

It’s time we celebrated the record of free societies and lower taxes.

 

Full list of sources

Page 5 - World GDP. Per person ($), 1870-2016
Maddison Project Database (2018)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/average-real-gdp-per-capita-across-countries-and-regions?country=OWID_WRL (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 6 - Extreme poverty. Share of world population (%)
World Bank
ourworldindata.org/grapher/poverty-decline-without-china?time=1990..2015  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 7 - Different measures of poverty. Share of world population (%)
World Bank
ourworldindata.org/grapher/distribution-of-population-poverty-thresholds?stackMode=relative (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 9 - UK mobile and fixed-line telephone subscriptions. Per 100 inhabitants, 1986-2017
World Bank – World Development Indicators
ourworldindata.org/grapher/mobile-and-fixed-landline-telephone-subscriptions?time=1986..2017  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 10 - World supply of calories per day. Per person, 1961-2013
FAO (2017) and various
ourworldindata.org/grapher/daily-per-capita-caloric-supply?time=1961..2013&country=OWID_WRL  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 11 - Mean world male heights. 1896 and 1996
NCD RisC
ourworldindata.org/grapher/change-in-male-height-slope (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 12 - Motor vehicle ownership. Per 1,000 inhabitants, 2014
NationMaster (2014)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/motor-vehicle-ownership-per-1000-inhabitants (accessed 4 February 2019)

Page 14 - Total paved and unpaved roads. North v. South Korea
CIA, World Factbook: North Korea, 2019
www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/kn.html (accessed 4 February 2019)

CIA, World Factbook: South Korea, 2019
www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/ks.html (accessed 4 February 2019)

Page 15 - The Koreas at night
stock.adobe.com/uk/images/planet-earth-east-asia-zone-usingsatellite- imagery-nasa/86334904  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 17 - Girls' schooling. Years in school for every 10 years of boys' schooling
Lee and Lee (2016)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/gender-ratios-for-mean-years-of-schooling  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 18 - Human development index. 1870-2015
Leandro Prados de la Escosura (HIHD)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/human-development-index-escosura?time=1870..2015&country=GBR+USA+KOR+IND+CHN+SGP+HKG  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 19 - Economic freedom ranking
Heritage Foundation
www.heritage.org/index/ranking (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 20 - Mortality of children under 5
Gapminder and World Bank (2019)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/global-child-mortality-timeseries  (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 21 - World literacy rates
Our World in Data based on OECD and UNESCO (2016)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/literate-and-illiterate-world-population (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 23 - GDP per capita in selected countries (2011 prices, $US), 1950-2016
Maddison Project Database (2018)
ourworldindata.org/grapher/maddison-data-gdp-per-capita-in-2011us-single-benchmark?time=1940..2016&country=ARG+HKG+SGP+KOR+GBR+VNM (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 24 - Tax and economic growth
European Central Bank
www.ecb.europa.eu/pub/pdf/scpwps/ecbwp849.pdf (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 25 - Government spending and economic growth
Journal of Economic Surveys (2011)
www.researchgate.net/publication/227360625_Government_Size_and_Growth_A_Survey_and_Interpretation_of_the_Evidence (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 27 - Britain before and after Thatcher
IFS and Bank of England
www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/research-datasets and www.ifs.org.uk/tools_and_resources/fiscal_facts (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 28 - Freedom in the world
Freedom House
freedomhouse.org/report/freedom-world/freedom-world-2019/map (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 29 - Press freedom index
Reporters Without Borders
rsf.org/en/ranking (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 30 - Economic growth and the environment
The Quarterly Journal of Economics
ftp://ftp.soc.uoc.gr/students/aslanidis/My%20documents/papers/Grossman%20&%20Krueger%20(1995).pdf (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 31 - Global tree cover
Nature
www.nature.com/articles/s41586-018-0411-9 (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 32 - Sulphur emissions
Environmental Research Letters and NAEI
iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/8/1/014003 and naei.beis.gov.uk/overview/pollutants?pollutant_id=8 (accessed 22 July 2019)

Page 33 - Ozone layer hole
NASA
ourworldindata.org/grapher/antarctic-ozone-hole-area?time=1979..2017 (accessed 22 July 2019)