Revealed: Local Authority liabilities hit £180bn

June 25, 2014 12:00 PM

Shocking new research from the TaxPayers’ Alliance demonstrates that Britain’s local authorities have long-term liabilities of more than £180bn, saddling future generations with today's debt burden.

The TaxPayers’ Alliance has found that local authorities in the UK had more than £180 billion in long-term liabilities on 31 March 2013, an increase of 8 per cent on the year before. Worryingly, this is almost seven times the amount raised in Council Tax in that year, meaning that those revenues are being used to service debt interest, rather than paying for essential frontline services. 

The research also found large disparities in the size of councils’ liabilities and the amount they are borrowing, even among similar authorities in the same region of the country.

Though 214 councils decreased their long-term borrowing, some 105 councils increased their borrowing from the year before. 62 local authorities had long-term liabilities greater than or equal to their long-term assets.

Among the key findings of the research are:

  • Local authorities in the UK had more £180 billion long-term liabilities on March 31 2013 – an increase of 8 per cent on the year before
  • This is almost 7 times the amount raised in Council Tax in 2012-13
  • Some 62 local authorities have long-term liabilities equal to or more than the value of their long-term assets, including Birmingham City Council and Liverpool City Council. 
  • The long-term liabilities add up to £2,828 per person in the UK
  • 38 councils had long-term liabilities of more than £4,000 per resident, 11 more than £5,000 and 4 had over £6,000 of liabilities per resident
  • Birmingham City Council, the largest local authority in the country, had the biggest long-term liabilities at almost £6 billion. On a per-resident basis, these numbers are still amongst the highest in the country
  • Scottish councils have by far the biggest liabilities relative to their size, with average long-term liabilities of almost £4,200 per resident
  • Much of the long-term liabilities are related to the partially funded Local Government Pension Scheme, but 40 per cent take the form of long-term borrowing. This borrowing is mostly from the Public Works Loan Board (PWLB) and market lenders such as commercial banks.

Full data for each local authority across the UK can be found here.

Despite the size of these liabilities, many local authorities continue to waste taxpayers' cash on unnecessary projects and expenses.

  • Birmingham City Council, with almost £6 billion in long-term liabilities, paid contractors £2,000 for each sapling they planted in 2013
  • South Tyneside Council, with long-term liabilities of £6,125 per resident, spent £250,000 attempting to uncover the identity of "Mr. Monkey," an anonymous blogger who was criticising council bosses for wasteful spending
  • Councillors in Surrey, whose long-term liabilities outstrip their long-term assets, recently voted themselves through huge allowance increases including a 59% hike for the Council leader.

Jonathan Isaby, Chief Executive of the TaxPayers’ Alliance, said:

“It is nothing short of immoral for councils to pile further debt on the next generation. Britain’s public finances are in real trouble, and local authorities can no longer avoid tough choices by putting the bill on taxpayers' credit card. Councils must look again at overgenerous pensions and wage a war on waste, or Britain's debt burden may soon become too heavy to bear."

You can read the full research here, with breakdowns by region and local councils.

TPA spokesmen are available for live and pre-recorded broadcast interviews via 07795 084 113 (no texts)

Media contacts

Andy Silvester
Campaign Manager, The TaxPayers' Alliance
24-hour media hotline: 07795 084 113 (no texts)
07891 059567

Notes to editors

1. Founded in 2004 by Matthew Elliott and now with 80,000 supporters, the TaxPayers’ Alliance (TPA) fights to reform taxes, cut spending and protect taxpayers. Find out more about the TaxPayers' Alliance at

2. The figures in the report for assets, liabilities and borrowing were taken from each council's audited statement of accounts.

3. Population estimates for 2012 based on the 2011 census figures were taken from the Office of National Statistics, the General Register Officer for Scotland, and the Northern Ireland Statistics and Research Agency.

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